Carcavelos wine is a fortified wine with a long tradition in Cascais and Oeiras. Its production was strongly driven by the Marquis of Pombal, Oeiras Count , Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, in his own farm. The palace of the Marquis of Pombal is a typical 18th century manor house located in the center of Oeiras.
These vineyards are currently cultivated in the municipality of Cascais and Oeiras. Produced in Carcavelos DOC - Controlled Denomination of Origin, located around the Carcavelos parish in the municipalities of Cascais and Oeiras being the smallest wine region of Portugal mainland and one of the oldest designations of Portuguese origin, created in 1907.
The first references to this wine come in 1370, but its heyday was only confirmed in the eighteenth century, At the end of this century it was a prestigious and well-known wine among European elites, with intense exports.
The geography, climate, soil and sea breeze are the defining factors of a good Carcavelos wine. A region that produces a Quality Liqueur Wine and tradition entitled to specific mention of "fortified wine" particularly as it enjoys a temperate from a Mediterranean climate without major fluctuations due to the proximity of the sea, installed on slopes of limestone soils facing south, with mild temperatures and northerly winds to evade the maritime moisture.
☆ Medalha de Ouro 2020 Concurso Internacional Vinduero/Vindouro
Carcavelos, Quinta dos Pesos - 7 anos.
☆Recently recognized with a gold medal, awarded under the European Wine Festival and Wine Tourism.
Main red varieties: Castelão, trincadeira and Preto Martinho, a minimum of 75%.
Main white varieties: Galego Dourado, Ratinho and Arinto, a minimum of 75%
Aging in Portuguese and French oak barrels for an average period of 7 to 15 years
A generous wine like the Moscatel, Madeira, Pico (Azores fortified wine) or even a Port (all produced in certified regions) that can also be serve as an appetizer (with a spicy cheese) or as a digestive (with sweet eggs dessert, light or sweet fruits like pineapple).
The Carcavelos wine integrated once a supply of D. José I, king of Portugal as an offer tfor he court of Beijing in 1752, by order of the Count of Oeiras, The Marquis of Pombal, such was the importance of this liqueur wine at the time. The total production in the region peaked at 3,000 kites in the early nineteenth century. However the designation of fortified wine come later with king D. Carlos, in 1908.
The Carcavelos wine earned along Portuguese illustrious accolades and others from around the world, such as the Duke of Wellington, during his stay in Portugal commanding Portuguese-British military forces in defense against the Napoleonic army in the early nineteenth century. British troops took with them the name and fame of Carcavelos wine, making the UK one of the largest known international markets.
Due to the real estate growth in Oeiras and Estoril municipalities, this Carcavelos generous wine was recently almost extinct. As a result of several efforts in recent years, the production of the Carcavelos is now a reality again!
The Quinta dos Pesos decided to ensure the continuity of this precious wine and replanted a vineyard with the traditional caste and with full dedication. The wine is aged in oak casks for the convenient stage of several years.
Thanks to its quality and characteristics, this wine has started its journey abroad.
The constant wine-producing pests, lack of state support for the recovery of the vineyard, the discouragement of producers, and the massive urbanization of Carcavelos region, dictated the almost total extinction of the production of Carcavelos wine.
In 1997 the Oeiras City Council decided to preserve the existing vineyard, about 5,5 acres, planted in 1984 and the subsequent recovery of the production of Carcavelos wine.
In 2001, the Municipality of Oeiras installs the National Agronomic Station, in Oeiras a wine cellar with all the necessary equipment for an increase in production of Carcavelos wine.
The designation Carcavelos DOC is used in red and white generous wines. The certification of DOC Carcavelos is made by the Regional Wine Commission of Bucelas, Carcavelos and Colares.
Carcavelos wine can be consumed either with appetizers, before a meal, or as a digestive at dessert time. To be served as an aperitif, Carcavelos must be at a temperature of 10º or 11º, whereas as a digestive the temperature must be a little higher, 15º or 16º. It should pair cured cheeses, dried fruits or cakes as a dessert.